Know that all objects fall into the following categories:
1. Those that need space e.g. attributes that need the space of another
object to be within it; we refer to them as: NOT Qāîm
(Subsisting) upon their own Selves.
2. Those that do not need space, they are indeed dependent upon their
own selves and need no other space to be within it; those are called
Jauhar (Essence) i.e. depending upon their own selves e.g. Nafs or Soul
who really do not need the human physicality for their Wujud (Being).
Jauhar (Essence) itself has dependency upon Allah for its
creation; so that even those objects cannot fully depend on themselves,
indeed they are independent of all others except Alalh, you may say.
Al-Aqlishi said: "There is a difference between Al-Qāîm and
Al-Qayyūm, Al-Qāîm stands unwavering over all creation and
attends to its needs and all in it needs Al- Qāîm. Al-Qayyūm
needs only its own Nafs (Self) and no other and stands over all
creation as well.
Dara: All actual entities in this world of ours are the result of
the concrescence of many other entities and Prehensions. For example,
our bodies are the result of the concretion of atoms, molecules, DNA
polymers, cells, components such as skin, hair, heart, hand, and lungs
and so on. Who keeps all these integrated together? Who prevents them
from falling apart from each other? Hu (IT, He) is Al-Qayyūm
(Self-Subsisting)! The integrator of components, inter-relater of all
relationships, the force, the glue that keeps things together, the
endower that gives them needs and perquisites and the endower that
satisfies these needs.
2006-2002, Dara O. Shayda, Hind Rifai M.D.