Gradation of ‘Orf (Divine
Zan-noon was asked, “What is
the very first stage ‘Aref
(Divine Cognoscenti) reaches?” and he replied, “Hayrat (Helpless
& Perplexity) then Ifteqaar (Mendicancy) then It-tesaal (Divine
finally again Hayrat (Helpless Bewilderment & Perplexity)”.
First Hayrat (Helpless
Bewilderment & Perplexity) is for
the Divine Blessings that are bestowed upon the person. If a person is
subjected to such immense generosity, due to feelings of shame
bewildered and perplexed. (The person is drowned in blessings amazed at
infinite gifts he is given and yet looks upon his Self riddled with
ingrate & evil and wonders why me? Why so blessed in spite of all
Ifteqaar (Mendicancy) is
neediness and neediness means if
Allah leaves me alone, I will be in all kinds of emergencies &
with no possibility of respite or relief. (This term in Sufism means
is perpetually fed, dressed and protected by Allah otherwise totally a
human being with no one coming to his help. It is a practice of Sufism
the arrogant heart to migrate from self-admiration and worship towards
stage of Mendicancy where the Sufi bows to Allah and begs for a cup of
It-tesaal (Divine Nexus) means
to connect, reach or reunite.
There is no way anything has the power to connect or come close to
however this is connection by the process of elimination i.e.
distancing from all other than Allah. If the Sufi sees himself as a
being, also sees others under the same light i.e. needy & poor in
presence of Allah. Therefore if he takes his neediness to other than
then gains nothing but finding more needs in others. (Therefore Sufi
understands in order to find relief from the needs he ought to
afar from all others than Allah. If not he will become more needy)
Indeed the Sufi takes his
needs to the Nonpareil One whom
all are in need of It. Therefore the second Hayrat (Helpless
Perplexity) is felt when no matter how much the slave takes his needs
Lord, finds himself no closer (therefore amazed). Because of Tawhid (Divine Oneness),
causation & instruments and for that matter any other existence can
help the slave accost the Lord. Indeed the beginning of this affair is
bewilderment and the end bedazzlement!
‘Aref’s (Divine Cognoscenti)
first Hayrat (Helpless
Bewilderment & Perplexity) is about the actions of the Lord, by
cornucopia of blessings for him, and the final Hayrat (Helpless
& Perplexity) about the stations of Tawhid (Divine Oneness).
All his cognitive faculties & intelligence lost while facing the
Might & Frightful Majestic Glory.
Self-worship, pompousness and
arrogance form a desert, an
arid place of being lost and bewilderment.
2004-2002, Dara O. Shayda