Facts About Maqamat (Station
Sheikh Abu-Nasr said the
answer to the question of “what is Maqamat?” Should be answered as
follows: It is a Station for the slave to halt in presence of the Lord
upon performance of the worships, exertion of efforts for good deeds
and meditation to cut-off people and attend to the Lord:
The Lord said, “This is for him who fears Maqami
(stationed or standing before me)” (Koran [14:14]).
The Angels said, “Not one of us but has a Maqam (place)
appointed” (Koran [37:164]).
Abu-Bakr Waseti has said with
regards to the statement of the Prophet, “Souls are soldiers standing
in lines” it means: souls are ranked appropriate to their measure. And
the Maqam (Stations & Ranks) for the ‘Irfan (Divine Gnosis)
consists of Repentance, Righteousness, Zohd (Asceticism),
Faqr (Poverty), Patience and Trust (upon the Lord) and others like
The Meaning of Haala
(Momentary State of the Heart)
Sheikh Abu-Nasr has said Haala
are circumstances appearing within the heart or the heart inclined
towards them e.g. pure remembrance of the Lord (Dhikr). Jonaid has
said, “Haala is what appears within the heart but will not last long
i.e. momentary”. Also has been said that Haala is the concealed
remembrance of the Lord. The Prophet Peace Be Upon Him said, “The best
of the remembrances are those that are concealed”.
Haala (Momentary State of the
Heart) is different from the Maqamat (Stations for Meeting) e.g.
worships or meditations. Qorb (Divine Nearness), Fervor of Loving,
Hope, Shawq (Anxious
Yearning) and Yaqin (Doubtless Certainty) are instances of Haala
(Momentary State of the Heart).
Abu-Solayman Darani has said,
“Anytime the worships are within the heart, the body is at comfort”.
Perhaps this saying has two meaning. First, the hardship & stress
of the worships are allayed by means of the heart kept away from
shameful negligence & anxiety. Second, sincerely the body strives
hard at the worships to the point that the heart tastes the sweetness
the nectar within so the external hardships are overrun with this
I think that Mohammad Ibn
Wase’ has said, “Twenty years day & night I suffered so that for
twenty years I was in peace”. (Perhaps this means for 20 years he
worshiped really hard so his heart was in comfort for the next 20 years)
Again I think Malek Ibn Dinar
has said, “I read Koran for twenty years to benefit from its meaning
for twenty years”.
Note: The difference between
the Maqamat (Station for Meeting) & Haala (Momentary State of the
Heart) is first is achieved the second is received—nascent &
temporal—as a bestowal of Divine Affection.
Dara O. Shayda